COVID-19 is real

COVID-19 is real

What is COVID-19?

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are normally transmitted between animals and people. The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is caused by a new strain of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) that has not been previously identified in humans. It was first reported to WHO on the 31st of December, 2019 in Wuhan, China.

What is the source of COVID-19?

Scientists and public health officials are working hard to identify the source of the SARS-CoV-2 which is the virus that causes COVID-19. The initial transmission appeared to be from an animal source, but there has been person-to-person transmission in countries.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

    1. Cough
    2. Fever
    3. Breathing difficulties

How do I get tested for COVID-19?

In line with the national case definition, the following people can be tested for COVID-19 in Nigeria;

  • Anyone with travel history outside Nigeria, who presents with fever, cough or breathing difficulties within 14 days of arrival; OR
  • Anyone who has symptoms and is a contact of a confirmed or probable case; OR
  • Anyone with either cough, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath in an area of moderate or high COVID-19 prevalence with no other explanation for the symptoms

For people in either of these categories, you must self-isolate and call your state hotline or the NCDC toll-free line immediately on 080097000010. The State Ministry of Health supported by NCDC will arrange for sample collection and transportation to the laboratory.

Is there a cure for COVID-19?

There is no specific cure yet for COVID-19. However, many of the symptoms can be treated. Treatment is based on the patient’s clinical condition but supportive care for infected persons can be highly effective.

What should I do if am pregnant?

Currently, there is no evidence that pregnant women are at higher risk of infection or complications from COVID-19. However, due to changes that may occur during pregnancy, pregnant women are always advised to stay at home and adhere strictly to physical distancing measures and hygiene practices. The Federal Ministry, NCDC and partners have published Guidelines for Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers.

What can businesses do to protect their staff?

The NCDC has published Guidance for Employers and Businesses in Nigeria which can be found here. Effective from the 4th of May 2020, the following measures instituted by the Federal Government will apply nationwide to individuals as well as businesses, employers and employees;

  • Mandatory use of non-medical face mask/covering for all persons
  • Overnight curfew from 8pm to 6am. This means all movements will be prohibited during this period except for essential services
  • Mandatory provision of handwashing facilities/sanitisers
  • Prohibition of all interstate travel except for only essential travels and services
  • Extensive temperature checks on entry into the business premises
  • Physical distancing of 2 metres between people in workplaces and other public places

In line with the directive, employers are advised to display signages in office or business premises reminding staff and visitors to maintain good and respiratory hygiene. Encourage sick employees to stay at home if they are unwell. Ensure routine cleaning of high contact areas such as toilets, door handles, telephones.